52 endorsees and counting!

If your organization would like to endorse the “Best Practices for the Sustainability of Space Operations” document and participate in the SSC, here is how to participate!

ABS Global Ltd wesbite link
ABS has become one of the leading global satellite operators since our establishment in 2006. After 14 years, we have successfully operated eight satellites, including two satellites safely retired, and have executed ten other safe drifts of satellites.
At ABS, we are dedicated to providing flexible yet affordable connectivity to 93% of the world’s population, while maintaining safe operations in the Geostationary belt. ABS is excited to join the Space Safety Coalition and follow its Best Practices for the Sustainability of Space Operations.
ABS began with the acquisition of the LMI-1 satellite (now ABS-6) which was followed by the acquisition of two satellites in 2008: Agila-2 (renamed ABS-3) and Koreasat-2 (renamed ABS-1A), both satellites were retired following IADC guidelines in 2017 and 2015 respectively. This successful repurposing of existing satellites demonstrates the ABS dedication to maximizing resources in the GEO environment. In 2010, the company grew further with the acquisition of Koreasat-3 (now ABS-7). Between 2014 and 2016, we built and launched three new satellites, ABS-2, ABS-2A and ABS-3A (the latter two representing the first all-electric programs in the industry), and also acquired MBSat-1 (now ABS-4).
ABS performs Satellite Operations in our Satellite Control Center in Subic Bay, Philippines, and with our redundant center in Manila, we utilize four TT&C facilities world-wide plus third-party tracking services to monitor satellite health and positioning in the GEO belt. ABS is headquartered in Bermuda, with offices across the world, including the United States, United Arab Emirates, South Africa, Philippines, Indonesia and Hong Kong.
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Aerospace Corp wesbite link
The Aerospace Corporation is uniquely positioned to provide independent and objective analysis of orbital debris mitigation and the long-term sustainability of outer space. Throughout its history, The Aerospace Corporation has directly supported space operations for our government customers. Specifically, we have a long history supporting space surveillance and space situational awareness and, as such, we have experts on space environment modeling and data collection.
For over thirty years, The Aerospace Corporation has studied orbital and reentry debris issues and for over twenty years has operated our Center for Orbital and Reentry Debris Studies (CORDS), which specifically examines operational concerns such as collision avoidance and long-term evolution of the near-Earth debris population. CORDS supports the Air Force and NASA through modeling and engineering analysis and is part of the delegation to the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC). The Aerospace Center for Space Policy and Strategy (CSPS) is dedicated to shaping the future of space by providing nonpartisan research and strategic analysis to decision makers. The Aerospace Corporation welcomes the opportunity to participate in the discussion and further development of best practices for the sustainability of space operations. Aerospace is providing these comments as an independent organization with relevant expertise. We are not providing these at the direction of, or on behest of any government agency that we support.
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Airbus Defence and Space wesbite link
Airbus Defence & Space (SKYNET Operations) are a responsible operator of ComMilsatCom spacecraft providing secure communications to UK government and other third party government organisations around the world.
The SKYNET operations team have been responsible operators for many years, they were the first non-founding member of the Space Data Association (SDA) and have held a standard member director position on the SDA board since the organisations inception. The SKYNET operations team also have a close relationship with 18th Space Control Squadron (18SPCS) in the United States for Conjunction Analysis (CA) services in conjunction with the UK Space Operations Centre (UKSpOC) and also have an in house capability for CA/SST. Through the use of the SDA, 18SPCS and other organisations the SKYNET operations teams shows it is commitment to CA/SST/SSA/STM and endeavours to keep up with if not exceed industry best practice and to support those who strive to improve space flight safety. The SKYNET operations team also support international standardisation in space debris mitigation and SSA though the involvement of the SKYNET Flight Dynamics Team in the British Standards Institute ACE068 panel for Space Debris Mitigation standards, ISO/TC20/SC14 Space Operations and Ground Support standardisation, and CEN/CENELEC/TC5 SSA Standards.
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a.i. solutions, Inc. wesbite link
A.i. solutions specializes in COTS astrodynamics software with our flagship product FreeFlyer – used widely in satellite mission design, analysis, simulation, and operations.
FreeFlyer is a mature software solution which provides complete astrodynamics functionality to support the full lifecycle of space missions. We have been around for 22 years and our heritage includes the International Space Station, Landsat, GOES, Aqua/Aura/Terra, AFRL missions, and AF services including GPS launch and early orbit and JSpoC/JICSpOC services. Behind the advancements in space science and technology is a dramatic increase in space debris and space traffic. In parallel, concerns have been expressed over space weather, frequency interference, and military uses of outer space, all of which also pose risks to the safety of space operations. We believe that it’s absolutely crucial that the industry moves forward with policies that guarantee safe and sustainable access to space.
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Altius Space Machines, Inc wesbite link
Altius Space Machines, Inc. is committed to responsible satellite design and operational practices, and supports new developments across the space ecosystem, particularly those that support space sustainability.
The development and production of our DogTag™ universal grapple fixtures being incorporated into satellites constellations is well afoot. We believe such offerings will lead to even more creative mission opportunities and lower the cost of space access for all. In addition to grapple fixture technology, we are also in the throws of finalizing the design of cooperative servicing interface technology. Altius Space Machines, is finalizing and qualifying the design of our in-space refueling interfaces for Xenon transfer, which we call the MagTag™.
Therefore, we have been and are planning to stay in the forefront of supporting responsible and sustainable space through the continual investment and development of our technologies to support de-orbiting servicing and on-orbit servicing for a full range of spacecraft classes.
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AMOS wesbite link
Spacecom is a global fixed-satellite operator and satellite service provider, owner of the AMOS satellite fleet. Spacecom’s solutions include pure capacity, managed services, professional services, turn-key solutions, Cellular Backhaul, trunking solutions as well as broadcast, data and broadband satellite services.
Spacecom has always put Space Safety in high priority, from the design to operation and eventually deorbiting of its Satellites we have been meticulously following all the relevant best practices. Consequentially Spacecom was among the first companies to join Space Data Association and Space Safety Coalition, as we believe collaboration between all stakeholders is essential to achieve success.
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Analytical Graphics, Inc wesbite link
AGI develops multi-domain, mission-level software to design, operate, and analyze complex engineering systems on a common operating platform.
Through its research arm, the Center for Space Standards and Innovation, and its SSA/STM subsidiary, the Commercial Space Operations Center, AGI is a leading contributor to the development of safe and sustainable space operations.
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Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd. wesbite link
Asia Satellite Telecommunications Company Limited (AsiaSat) is Asia’s premier satellite operator. Through a fleet of high-performance satellite located strategically over Asia’s massive landmass and surrounding oceans, AsiaSat delivers satellite solutions with high quality and reliability to our clients.
We care and concern about the sustainability of the satellite industry and the safety of the space community. In recognition of our long-term commitment to protect the space environment, AsiaSat has committed to follow, adopt and implement the best practices stated in the industry standards, guidelines, and practices with regard to the space safety. The areas covered include physical safety (collision), communication safety (RF interference) and space weather awareness.
The sustainability of space operations is to account for environmental conservation, social responsibility and economic development. We believe that the protection of the space environment would bring a long-term benefit to the space community, all the space assets and stakeholders in the space industry AsiaSat has taken a responsible role to create an ever better environment for the space industry.
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Astro Dynamic Ltd wesbite link
Astro Dynamic is dedicated to the safe, sustainable growth of our space environment for all. We offer complete lifecycle services for payload operators, offering flexible hosting solutions, to maximize payload ability without restrictions to operating life span.
From Launch, operations to the safe and rapid deorbiting end of life.
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Astroscale Holdings wesbite link
Astroscale is the first private company with a vision to secure the safe and sustainable development of space for the benefit of future generations, and the only company solely dedicated to on-orbit servicing across all orbits.
Founded in 2013, Astroscale is developing innovative and scalable solutions across the spectrum of on-orbit servicing missions, including Life Extension, In-situ Space Situational Awareness, End of Life services, and Active Debris Removal, to create sustainable space systems and mitigate the growing and hazardous buildup of debris in space. Astroscale is also defining business cases and working with government and commercial stakeholders to develop norms, regulations, and incentives for the responsible use of space.
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Avanti Communications, Ltd. wesbite link
AXA XL wesbite link
AXA XL is the P&C and specialty risk division of AXA, known for solving even the most complex risks. We offer traditional and innovative insurance solutions and services in over 200 countries and territories.
AXA XL’s Space Insurance team is recognized as the leader in risk solutions for entrepreneurial space enterprises as well as for incumbent space organizations. We work closely with global clients, brokers, governments, industry groups, and institutions to develop insurance solutions for all phases of space activities, including pre-launch, launch, in-orbit, and re-entry, for asset, business interruption, and third-party liability insurance coverages. Our global team is the market leader in insurance for small satellites, small launch vehicles, on-orbit servicing, space platforms, and human spaceflight through our unique products, tools, and skills. At AXA XL, we embrace risk, we innovate to adapt to the changing space market, and we encourage responsible behavior in space.
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Benchmark Space Systems wesbite link
Benchmark Space Systems was founded in 2017, with a focus on commercializing differentiated turnkey propulsion systems that affordably meet the safety, reliability, and lead time that small satellite missions require. Enabling and promoting responsible spacecraft capability has been at the core of our roadmap since inception.
In the upcoming years the number of satellites on orbit is set to increase dramatically and we believe that responsive propulsion systems will be a major factor in ensuring safe space operations for everyone.
A key safety attribute of our systems is our patented on-demand pressurization system (ODPSTM) enabling an unpressurized launch, significantly improving launch vehicle acceptance. We currently offer two distinct product lines: our warm gas thrusters use an inert, nontoxic D.O.T approved powder as a propellant and our ‘green’ bipropellant systems that leverage our patented micromixing technique to eliminate the need for catalyst beds, which are typically long lead components comprised of costly precious metals.
Spacecraft that are equipped with propulsion have advantageous operational capabilities. Specifically, with regards to space safety, propulsion systems will allow spacecraft to perform precise collision avoidance maneuvers and controlled end of life de-orbiting.
At the heart of this developing new space ecosystem is shared LEO operations that are becoming accessible to many new companies and emerging technologies alongside many well-known incumbent market leaders. Our mission is to provide a way for everyone to participate responsibly by participating in industry committees and collaborative partnerships focused on pioneering a sustainable, shared frontier.
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Black Arrow wesbite link
As a developer and future operator of spaceport and launch services, in and from the United Kingdom, Black Arrow will be responsible for placing satellites of Third Party operators into their desired orbits, and we have made the firm commitment that our business operations will not create stress in any environment in which we operate, whether that be on the surface of the Earth, or above it.
We will use environmentally favourable propellants; we will not adversely affect ground water or land assets in the performance of our business; we will treat the sky and space, and all fellow users within it with due respect at all times and we will remain compliant with all international laws and regulations that govern and protect all environments for future generations. Our stages and associated hardware will be secured and retrieved, and we will endeavour, from an early phase, to safely re-enter and recover our upper stages, wherever feasible. In so doing, we will offer a service that maximises sustainability, safety and pollution-free operation.
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Buck Consulting Group wesbite link
Centauri wesbite link
Centauri is a provider of high-end professional services that focus largely on the full life cycle for satellite systems.
Within this framework of tailored solutions, we have specific skills that are applied to Space Situational Awareness, Space Environmental Effects, and Space Debris Evolution/Risk Modeling. We have focused on challenging the status quo of debris modeling by striving to “ask the right questions.”
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COMSPOC wesbite link
COMSPOC Corporation provides industry-leading flight safety, Space Situational Awareness (SSA), and Space Traffic Coordination and Management (STCM) services that are well-grounded in comprehensive multi-source data aggregation, data-agnostic fusion, and advanced analytics.
COMSPOC’s Center for Standards and Innovation (CSSI) continues its two decades of developing space standards, codifying and promoting industry best practices, developing advanced astrodynamics algorithms and conducting orbital debris mitigation research, all with the goal of facilitating the safe and efficient use of space.
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D-Orbit wesbite link
D-Orbit SpA is an Italian New Space company with solutions covering the entire lifecycle of a space mission, including mission analysis and design, engineering, manufacturing, integration, testing, launch, and end-of-life decommissioning.
As a for-benefit corporation, D-Orbit regards space as a new non-infinite natural resource which offers enormous possibilities for scientific research, commercial profit and the expansion of the human race, and which needs to be treated in a sustainable way in order to ensure its use is safe, profitable and durable both for scientific and commercial purposes.
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Effective Space Solutions Limited wesbite link
Effective Space is pioneering last-mile logistics in space. It deploys and operates a fleet of small SPACE DRONE™ spacecraft that will deliver, position, maintain, monitor and guarantee space assets in orbit and beyond.
‘Phase One’ rollout includes life-extension services to operators of satellites in GEO. Services include station-keeping and attitude-control, relocation, orbit and inclination correction, deorbitting, inspection and ‘bringing into use’ (BIU). The platform will support LEO constellations with post-mission-disposal (PMD) and active-debris-removal (ADR) missions. Long-term services will support space exploration and in-space logistics. Not only that we provide a reusable platform that can further utilise existing space assets, but we are also saving Earth resources and reducing energy consumption, cleaning space debris and ensuring long-term sustainability.
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Equatorial Launch Australia wesbite link
ELA is establishing Australia’s first commercial spaceport and larger space centre, Arnhem Space Centre (ASC), in East Arnhem Land Northern Territory (12degS) near Nhulunbuy. ASC will be Australia’s only multi-orbit operational spaceport and only commercial spaceport in the Equatorial/East Asian hemisphere.
ELA will commercially launch and recover payloads flown through space from near the equator and facilitate launches by other organisations to meet the needs of the high growth global space industry. As a private commercial venture we operate in highly competitive and disruptive international market arenas. Recently we successfully attracted NASA in a world first commercial endeavour to service a space launch campaign at ASC from next year, 2020.
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Geeks Without Frontiers wesbite link
GMV wesbite link
GMV is the most relevant European industrial player in SST with 50+ engineers in 6 countries. GMV developed most of ESA’s SST processing infrastructure and integrated the overall ESA’s SST Core Software, being the main contributor to the ESA’s SST system within the SSA program.
GMV runs relevant SST-related national activities in Europe including the SST Ops Centre development in Spain, Poland and Romania; the SST Ops Centre operations in Spain; and a large number of space debris activities for CNES in France, UKSA&Dstl in the UK and DLR in Germany. GMV counts on proprietary operational COTS software solutions covering the whole SST value chain from data processing to service provision and owns and runs a dedicated Ops Centre (focusoc). focusoc provides 24×7 commercial collision avoidance services to 10+ operators and 80+ satellites based on the use of the JSpOC SP catalogue and dedicated data from collaborating SST sensors worldwide.
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Hellas Sat wesbite link
Inmarsat wesbite link
As the pioneer and world leader in mobile satellite communications, Inmarsat has been powering global connectivity for four decades. Set up by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in 1979 to provide a satellite communications network that would protect the lives of mariners anywhere at sea. We were the first satellite operator to meet the stringent requirements of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for global safety communications.
Today, Inmarsat operates the world’s only global L and Ka-band networks; networks specifically designed to meet the challenges of providing secure mobile communications. We provide governments, commercial enterprises and humanitarian organisations with mission-critical voice and high-speed data communications on land, at sea and in the air.
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Intelsat S.A. wesbite link
International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety wesbite link
The IAASS is active in the field of space safety and sustainability since 2004. The space safety field, from launch and re-entry, to space debris, human exploration, and space traffic control is by its own nature very much a global interest which often extends beyond the institutional contacts and cooperation which government agencies already maintain.
Space safety is a common interest of all three communities operating in space, namely the civil, military and commercial communities. There is no other interest which is so binding and unifying for all three communities as space safety. As you may have seen at the L.A. Conference, the membership of IAASS is truly international and includes many of the top scientists, engineers and managers operating in the field of Space Safety and Sustainability. Ten years ago, IAASS launched the Manifesto (attached) which goes very much along the lines of the Coalition. We fully endorse the Best Practices of the Space Safety Coalition and we are ready to mutually cooperate by making available some means like publication of articles in the IAASS Journal of Space Safety Engineering, which has a worldwide distribution, and the possibility to give presentations at UN COPUOS, where we are official Observers.
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Iridium Communications Inc. wesbite link
Iridium operates the world’s only truly global satellite communications network, connecting people, enterprises, governments, and things. Featuring a constellation of 66 crosslinked LEO satellites, no other network offers the reach, resiliency, or capabilities that have made Iridium the network of choice for more than a million subscribers around the world.
As the first operator to lose an operational satellite in what could have been a preventable crash with a defunct satellite, Iridium was and continues to be instrumental in advocating for and establishing the data sharing environment to prevent future collisions. Iridium has also been the only first-generation constellation to actively deorbit the majority of its block 1 satellites and aims to inspire the industry to do better for the sustainability of access to space by all.
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Launch On Demand wesbite link
Launch On Demand is a space launch services provider that cares deeply about safe access to space and the sustainability of safe operations there.
We not only recognize their importance for our commercial success but we value protecting space access and sustainability for future generations.
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LeoLabs wesbite link
LeoLabs is a space safety company that improves the ability of satellites to operate safely and reliably in low Earth orbit (LEO) by accurately tracking mission-relevant objects in space. Space can and should be developed but this development requires more responsible behavior in space which is contingent upon three key activities:
First, more stringent debris mitigation guidelines and better adherence to these guidelines supported by comprehensive monitoring. The knowledge that actions in space are visible is a strong motivator for compliance with regulations and best practices.
Second, focused removal of the statistically-most-concerning objects. The majority of the debris-generating potential in LEO is concentrated in a few hundred objects.
Third, robust Space Traffic Management. LeoLabs’ integrated data analytics cloud platform, efficient algorithms, and a global network of radars improves STM in the following ways.
  • We provide data-driven insights on the current collision risk in LEO and regions with the greatest potential for major future debris-generating events.
  • We reduce an operator’s collision risk and the cost and operational burden of collision avoidance maneuvers through streaming accurate conjunction alerts, maneuver screening, and on-demand risk evolution analytics.
  • Our S-band radars are reducing the minimum size object in our space catalog to ~2 cm that will enable the mitigation of mission-terminating collision risk.
In summary, LeoLabs champions space sustainability through 1) incentivizing reducing debris generation, 2) providing data and analysis to target objects for removal that pose the greatest debris-generating potential, and 3) increasing the carrying capacity of LEO through effective STM.
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Loverro Consulting LLC wesbite link
Maxar Technologies wesbite link
OneWeb wesbite link
OrbitGuardians, Inc. wesbite link
OrbitGuardians believes that safeguarding humanity’s orbital infrastructure, before the Kessler Syndrome becomes reality, is the right thing to do. Our affordable active debris removal services provide satellite operators the ability to clean orbital regimes important to their mission requirements, thus reducing collision risk and reducing the time required for conjunction analysis and maneuvers.

Orbital Transports, LLC wesbite link
As a provider of turnkey small satellite solutions from initial concept through completed mission with long-term plans to provide satellite servicing and refueling services, Orbital Transports considers sustainable space operations, including orbital situational awareness, on-orbit asset maneuvering/repositioning, and debris mitigation, to be critical to the growth of the company, its customers, and both national and global economies.
Given that space safety and the sustainability of the space industry require the participation of all involved parties (corporate, government, academia, and non-profit organizations), including satellite bus and component manufacturers within the company’s partner network, Orbital Transports endorses the Space Safety Coalition’s best practices for sustainability. Furthermore, the company will work to promote and implement these practices.
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Phase Four, Inc. wesbite link
Phase Four is committed to enabling responsible, safe use of low Earth orbit with its instantaneous-startup RF thrusters.
Unlike traditional electric propulsion, RF plasma propulsion does not rely on hollow cathodes, which need to be warmed and conditioned before use. This means that RF thrusters can be fired rapidly after deployment, minimizing the risk of collisions and subsequent debris, and keeping valuable orbits clean.
Phase Four’s first RF propulsion system, Maxwell, is designed with easy-to-use software, an industry first that allows spacecraft manufacturer-operators to focus on their primary mission. Spacecraft can plug into a complete propulsion system that works out of the box, rather than separately acquiring and coordinating between thruster, power processing unit, and fluid systems. This, coupled with the RF thruster’s lack of cathodes and high voltage components, minimizes risk of manufacturing defects and operating mistakes that could cascade into on-orbit failures.
Due to their high fuel- and size-efficiency, Phase Four’s propulsion solutions are an ideal partner for small spacecraft operators, enabling collision avoidance on orbit as well as safe and rapid powered deorbit at spacecraft end-of-life while conserving mass and volume for the mission payload.
Further, Phase Four’s technology roadmap continues the development of the RF thruster to enable the efficient use of novel non-noble gas propellants that are 1) chemically inert and 2) stored unpressurized, reducing the possibility of significant orbital debris-causing failures.
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Planet Inc. wesbite link
Planet is the leading provider of global, near-daily satellite imagery data and insights. Founded in 2010 by NASA scientists, Planet designs, builds, and operates the world’s largest fleet of Earth observation satellites, and provides the online software, tools and analytics needed to deliver data to users.
Forward-leaning space stewardship practices have been part of Planet’s DNA from the company’s founding. These include responsible satellite constellation design and operations, close cooperation with government agencies and industry groups, and staunch policy and regulatory advocacy for better industry-wide practices in orbit. Planet remains committed to ensuring that space continues to be an accessible and safe domain for discovery and exploration.
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Providence Access Company wesbite link
Rocket Lab USA Inc wesbite link
The SSC’s best practices document specifically calls out an area of our focus – the fact that traditional methods of deploying satellites can leave large rocket stages in orbit. It’s why we designed Electron to deploy payloads differently.
We park our second stage in a low elliptical orbit, before separating off a smaller Kick Stage that deploys the payloads, then is capable of performing a deorbit burn to leave no part of our rocket behind on orbit. In fact, with our recent missions we’ve shown our second stages are deorbiting in as little as 12 days under this method. You can learn more here: (rocketlabusa.com/electron/kickstage/).
Beyond our own efforts, we’re also helping operators focused on sustainable space solutions to reach space. So far, we’ve launched CubeSat dragsail technology demonstrators, as well as R&D payloads designed to test better ways of ensuring spacecraft can be identified and cataloged once on orbit.
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Secure World Foundation wesbite link
The Secure World Foundation (SWF) is a private operating foundation that promotes cooperative solutions for space sustainability and the peaceful uses of outer space. The Foundation acts as a research body, convener, and facilitator to promote the safe, secure, and sustainable use of space contributing to global stability and benefits on Earth.
As part of this role we contribute to efforts to develop best practices and norms of behavior for the responsible and safe use of space; and to understand how those norms and practices relate to governance, policy, and regulation of space activities.
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SES S. A. wesbite link
As a world leading integrated satellite-enabled solutions provider, SES is a trusted partner to the world’s leading telecommunications companies, mobile network operators, governments, connectivity (aero and mobility) and Cloud service providers, broadcasters, video platform operators and content owners.
SES is currently operating 50+ GEO satellites and 20 MEO O3b satellites, and will launch another 7 MEO mPOWER satellites in 2021. Being a pioneer in GEO satellites colocation (from 2 satellites in 1991 up to 8 satellites in 2000), SES has developed the tools and the measurement systems to ensure a safe separation between its satellites. This expertise has been used to develop monitoring tools of close approaches with other satellites and debris. SES has been a co-founder of the SDA (Space Data Association) in 2009, in line with its commitment for a responsible and safe use of space. Finally, SES is also committed to re-orbit and passivate its GEO satellites in line with the IADC guidelines.
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Space Micro, Inc. wesbite link
Space Micro Inc is a San Diego-based space subsystems and small spacecraft provider to the international space community. The ability to safely operate in an internationally self-regulated ecosystem is paramount to the overall space business model success.
We continue to actively promote responsible space safety through the adoption of relevant international standards, guidelines and practices, and the development of more effective space safety guidelines and best practices. Space safety includes physical safety, communications safety, and space weather awareness. Physical safety includes avoiding launch and on-orbit collisions, minimization of human casualty from spacecraft or debris reentry, and the long-term sustainability of the space operations environment. Communications safety includes minimizing the incidence and severity of Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) events. In particular, Space Micro ensures that our electronics subsystem products do not cause EMI issues, outgassing issues, nor cause any orbital debris. This stewardship is a part of our corporate citizenship within the international space community.
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SJE Space Ltd. wesbite link
SJE Space Ltd. is a space consultancy company specialising in issues relating to space situation awareness and space traffic control. In 2017, the Director of SJE Space Ltd. (Dr. Stuart Eves) had a book published by AIAA entitled “Space Traffic Control”.
The entire premise of this book is that the near Earth environment should be monitored and preserved as a viable regime for future generations. It is suggested that this is fully in accord with SSC’s best practices.
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Sky and Space Global wesbite link
Space Data Association Ltd. wesbite link
Formed in 2009, the Space Data Association (SDA) is a formal, nonprofit association of civil, commercial and military spacecraft operators that supports the controlled, reliable and efficient sharing of data that is critical to the safety and integrity of satellite operations. SDA has a legal structure and agreements that provide protections and enforcement mechanisms to ensure data is only used for intended purposes. SDA raises awareness of risks and best practices through different communication means.
SDA relies on the Space Data Center (SDC) operated by AGI for flight safety data exchange and processing. SDC is an extremely effective way of sharing data and using machine-to-machine data processes to avoid collisions. Operators use SDC’s on-demand CA to ensure effectiveness of avoidance maneuvers. SDA members today account for more than 250 GEO satellites (and >300 non-GEO), approximately 60% of all active GEO satellites. The system allows for the comparison of all JSpOC CDMs with O/O (Owner/Operator) ephemeris data. Small operators are those who can benefit the most from SDC as they might not have large teams to conduct SSA.
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SCOUT Inc. wesbite link
SCOUT will perform the first in-space satellite inspections. We will help extend satellite lifetimes, prevent failures, and save tens of millions of dollars with as little as one inspection. This helps operators and manufacturers avert new space debris formation and fundamentally changes the paradigm of satellite operations.
Satellite anomalies in orbit can have extreme consequences, and there are few ways to mitigate them: servicing carries risks and additional costs, replacement can take many months, and both have the risk of adding to space debris. SCOUT offers a new category of actionable data and a service supporting it. Inspections will allow satellite operators, manufacturers, and insurers to better understand and combat the up to 50% unknown failure root causes of space failures, demystify adversarial actions, and help prevent space debris.
SCOUT’s inspections process is reliant on mobility between orbital regions to and from inspections targets, and standards of conduct and best practices in space traffic management are crucial in minimizing risks to both inspections satellites and all other space assets. SCOUT-Sats and SCOUT inspections systems such as SCOUT-Vision will support not only at-risk assets, but other stakeholders’ fleets which could be harmed by rogue or space objects affected by anomalies. Supporting space safety as part of the Space Safety Coalition contributes to SCOUT’s goals to make space safer and to extend satellite lifetimes through data.
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Space Domain Awareness, Inc. wesbite link
Space Domain Awareness’ mission is to make space accountability, transparency, and predictability simple for our customers. We endeavor to provide a low cost optical beacon that can be easily affixed to any object launched into space that will be used to positively identify that object and integrate orbital information information seamlessly into existing space traffic management systems.
Positive identification is the first step to ensuring good behavior in and management of space. With our unobtrusive and low-cost system, Space Domain Awareness will lower the barrier for our customers to be good stewards of our orbital ecosystem.
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Slingshot Aerospace, Inc. wesbite link
Space infrastructure is vital to our daily lives–we rely on space for GPS, communications,
scientific research, national security, and much more. Over the next decade, the space
economy will see a 30x growth in the number of satellites. While these satellites aim to improve
the daily lives of millions and help us learn how to protect our planet, the more satellites there
are in space, the more chances there are of collisions. In order to leverage the space economy
for many generations to come, we must protect this ecosystem by contributing to safe and
sustainable space operations.
At its core, Slingshot Aerospace exists to make space sustainable and is actively building
products and services committed to maintaining a space environment that is safe for everyone,
now and in the future. Our vision is to accelerate space sustainability to create a safer, more
connected world by elevating our customers’ abilities to monitor, simulate, and optimize their
space systems with our dynamic virtual environments and decision intelligence technology. Our
tools help space operators communicate, collaborate, and mitigate potential conjunctions and
deliver value to the whole space value chain from design and manufacturing, integration and
launch, and through operations in all orbital regimes and beyond. With the influx of new space
entrants, assets, and technology expected within the next decade, operational safety will be a
key priority to keeping space sustainable and Slingshot Aerospace is developing the tools and
services necessary to reach this goal.
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SpaceAble wesbite link
SpaceAble is a high-technology company specialized in the development of surveillance capacities and analytical tools dedicated to Space Situational Awareness (SSA). The company gathers former experts from the French space industries and relies on a high level of skills in the fields of space engineering, software development and industrial project management.
SpaceAble is particularly concerned by the increasing use of the Earth Orbit (and notably the Low Earth Orbit) and the gaps of the current International Space Situational Awareness system. We are involved in raising awareness for the preservation of the space environment and are taking action to ensure the long-term sustainability and safety of outer space activities. SpaceAble is working closely with diverse sectors of the space industry (including satellite operators, space insurance, institutions and international organisations) to promote the minimization of orbital debris, the mitigation of space risks and the implementation of the highest level of risk management in the conduct of space activities.
Our action specifically supports best practices (notably those promoted by the United Nations or the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee guidelines, the International Organization for Standardization standards and the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems) aiming to mitigate space debris, reduce risk related to space activities and improve interoperability between SSA/STM systems. We are looking forward to further participate to the implementation of a sound international SSA/STM policy by applying, promoting and developing the current and future Space Safety Coalition’s sets of best practices.
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Space Initiatives Inc. wesbite link
Space Initiatives Inc, is focused on the development and deployment of 50-gram femtosatellites in LEO. . We are designing a unit called “Pixie” which will be attached to any host spacecraft, to provide very low data rate communications and RFID, to track the spacecraft at very low cost, and to provide back-up link in case the primary spacecraft comms link is lost.
We will offer this unit to various commercial and government constellations, potentially thousands of these units might end up flying in space. Pixie contains a GPS receiver which will provide orbital position accurate to within 10 metres, versus 1 km for current systems.
This dramatic improvement will eliminate most of the false alarms which today’s collision predictions suffer from. We also have available proprietary IP to precisely and inexpensively track constellations of spacecraft in cislunar and interplanetary space at a remarkably low cost and unprecedented accuracy.
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Virgin Orbit wesbite link
XTAR LLC wesbite link
York Space Systems LLC wesbite link
York Space Systems is a satellite manufacturer and operator providing full turnkey space solutions to our customers. York’s S-Class platform is capable of operating in any orbit, LEO to GEO, making York a stakeholder in the sustainability for all Earth orbits. In being a satellite operator, York wants to ensure the space environment remains in a state where operators’ primary task is ensuring their space assets continue providing services, generating data and/or revenue in a safe manner rather than continually having to pause operations due to unnecessary debris.
In being a satellite manufacturer, York wants to ensure that hardware we put in space is not conducive to the growing debris problem. It is in York’s best interest for space to remain accessible to all and the space debris problem should not be another barrier to entry.
To that extent, York is very interested in keeping space sustainable by voicing our concerns and providing ideas to make space sustainable for generations to come. Being both a satellite manufacturer and operator inherently makes York a stakeholder in space safety and sustainability, however, York wants to take it one step further and be a part of the conversation going forward as this community continues to formulate the best ways to make space sustainable while respecting different stakeholders needs and points of view.
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